Totnes Castle is one of the best preserved examples of a Norman motte and bailey castle in England. It is situated in the town of Totnes on the River Dart in Devon.
The castle occupies a commanding position atop a large hill above the town, and guards the approach to three valleys. The surviving stone keep and curtain wall date from around the 13th century.
The first castle on this site is believed to have been built by the Breton Juhel of Totnes (also known as Judhael) who was one of William the Conqueror's lieutenants. The manor of Totnes was granted to him in 1068, and in order to cement his control over the area he constructed a fortification and founded a priory within the town. However, this first construction probably consisted of a wooden palisade and tower.
On the death of William I, Juhel lost his lands, possibly as a result of his support for the Rebellion of 1088. The manor of Totnes was then granted to Roger de Nonant, whose descendants appear to have held the manor for the next three generations. Following this it came into the possession of William de Braose, who is probably responsible for constructing the first stone fortifications on the site.
By 1326 the castle had fallen into ruin and was under the control the de la Zouch family. During this period a royal order was made for the repair of the fortifications. As a result of the order, the castle was refortified, a stable constructed and a constable appointed. However, following the Wars of the Roses it once again fell into disrepair.
The castle is open to the public on the following dates:
- 1 April–30 September 10:00 am–6:00 pm
- 1 October–31 October 10:00 am–5:00 pm
- Closed 1 November–31 March
There is a modest entrance fee but educational visits are free if booked in advance.